What is autism?
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a range of complex neurodevelopment disorders. The disorders impacting brain development in varying degrees are characterized by social impairments, verbal and nonverbal communication challenges and restricted, repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior.
The most recent publication of the DSM-5 Diagnostic Manual provides a detailed explanation of all autism disorders.
What is difference between autism and Asperger Syndrome?
As of May 2013, the DSM-5 Diagnostic Manual merged all autism disorders under one umbrella no longer distinctly subtyping related disorders such as Asperger Syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Disorder- Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS).
GIRLS WITH AUTISM (ASD) AND RESEARCH
Often times, more boys are known to be diagnosed with autism than girls. Four times as many boys as girls are diagnosed with the disorder. According to some research, there may be as many girls living with autism, but underdiagnosis is a point of examination as autism characteristics differ between gender groups. According to some research autism looks different in girls than it does in boys, making it more difficult for parents, teachers and medical professionals to recognize and diagnose autism in girls.
Some studies report that IQ differences between girls and boys determines autism characteristics. Some studies argue that girls may be genetically protected from developing autism.
Questions and research continue in understanding the complexity of autism, particularly in females.